1882 – 1955
Who was Adnan Adıvar?
Abdülhak Adnan Adıvar was a Turkish politician, writer, historian, and by profession a medical doctor. He has done original research and written on history of science. He was also an early supporter of the nascent feminist movement.
He was one of the intellectuals within Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's circle, active in the Turkish War of Independence with his wife, the author Halide Edip Adıvar. He avoided arrest from occupying British in Istanbul, who were making a sweep of all Ottoman intellectuals and deporting to Malta at the end of World War I, by joining the Kemalist forces in Anatolia. Later he parted ways with Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, disagreeing with the new direction young Republic was taken. He opposed the powers given to Atatürk by the parliament, fearing he was going to be a dictator, although this did not materialize. He joined the short-lived opposition party "Terakkiperver Cumhuriyet Fırkası", and his name was later associated with an attempt on Atatürk's life in 1926 while he was abroad. Even though he was cleared, he stayed in exile until 1939.
Graduated from the Medical Faculty in 1905, Adıvar left for Berlin to be specialized in internal medicine. Following the proclamation of the 2nd Constitution at 1908, he came back to Istanbul. As he was close to the Young Turks, he was appointed as the director of the Medical Faculty at the age of 30. He served in the Red Crescent during the Italo-Turkish War against Italians in Tripoli, participated to the Balkan Wars and the World War I. In 1917 he married the novelist Halide Edip and both joined the team of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in 1918 when foreign armies occupied Istanbul. In Ankara, Adnan Adıvar was named Ministry of Health, Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Vice president of the National Assembly between 1920 and 1923. Following the proclamation of the Republic, he founded in 1924 the opposition party with a small number of deputies. He became the secretary general and did not hesitate to criticize the government. The party was abolished in 1925 on the argument that it backed a rebellion against the government. Disappointed, Adıvar left for Vienna to accompany his wife who should undergo medical treatment. Allegation of his involvement in an attempt at Atatürk's life made him extend his stay abroad where he seems to have developed an interest in philosophy and history of science.
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