Alexander II of Russia

Monarch

1818 – 1881

13 Views

Who was Alexander II of Russia?

Alexander II of Russia was the Emperor of Russia from 2 March 1855 until his assassination in 1881. He was also the King of Poland and the Grand Prince of Finland.

Alexander was the most successful Russian reformer since Peter the Great. His most important achievement was the emancipation of serfs in 1861, for which he became known as Alexander the Liberator. The tsar was responsible for numerous other reforms including reorganizing the judicial system, setting up elected local judges, abolishing capital punishment, promoting local self-government through the zemstvo system, imposing universal military service, ending some of the privileges of the nobility, and promoting the universities. Despite these reforms, during his reign, his brutal secret police, known as the Third Section, sent thousands of dissidents into exile in Siberia.

In foreign policy, Alexander sold Alaska to the United States in 1867, fearing the remote colony would fall into British hands if there was another war. He sought peace, moved away from bellicose France when Napoleon III fell in 1871, and in 1872 joined with Germany and Austria in the League of the Three Emperors that stabilized the European situation.

We need you!

Help us build the largest biographies collection on the web!

Citation

Use the citation below to add to a bibliography:

Style:MLAChicagoAPA

"Alexander II of Russia." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 1 Dec. 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/alexander_ii_of_russia>.

Discuss this Alexander II of Russia biography with the community:

0 Comments


    Browse Biographies.net