Alexander II of Russia
1818 – 1881
Who was Alexander II of Russia?
Alexander was the most successful Russian reformer since Peter the Great. His most important achievement was the emancipation of serfs in 1861, for which he became known as Alexander the Liberator. The tsar was responsible for numerous other reforms including reorganizing the judicial system, setting up elected local judges, abolishing capital punishment, promoting local self-government through the zemstvo system, imposing universal military service, ending some of the privileges of the nobility, and promoting the universities. Despite these reforms, during his reign, his brutal secret police, known as the Third Section, sent thousands of dissidents into exile in Siberia.
In foreign policy, Alexander sold Alaska to the United States in 1867, fearing the remote colony would fall into British hands if there was another war. He sought peace, moved away from bellicose France when Napoleon III fell in 1871, and in 1872 joined with Germany and Austria in the League of the Three Emperors that stabilized the European situation.
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- Apr 29, 1818
- Also known as
- Emperor Alexander II
- Alexander II The Liberator
- Alexander II
- Alexander Nikolaevich Romanov
- Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia
- Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia
- Grand Duchess Elizabeth Nicholaevna of Russia
- Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia
- Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia
- Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia
- Olga Nikolaevna of Russia
- Olga Carlovna Albrecht
- Youzia Koberwein
- Alexis Pashkine
- Joseph Raboxicz
- Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia
- Nicholas Alexandrovich, Tsarevich of Russia
- Charlotte Henriette Sophie Jansen
- Alexander III of Russia
- Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia
- Michael-Bogdan Oginski
- Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia
- Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia
- Antoinette Bayer
- Russian Orthodox Church
- Lived in
- Mar 13, 1881
- Resting place
- Peter and Paul Cathedral
on July 23, 2013
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"Alexander II of Russia." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2022. Web. 22 May 2022. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/alexander_ii_of_russia>.