1918 – 1987
Who was D. Djajakusuma?
Djadoeg Djajakusuma, generally credited as D. Djajakusuma, was an Indonesian film director and promoter of traditional art forms. Born to a nobleman and his wife in Temanggung, Central Java, Djajakusuma became interested in the arts at a young age, eventually choosing to pursue a career in theatre. During the Japanese occupation from 1943 to 1945 he was a translator and thespian, and during four-year national revolution he worked for the military's educational division, several news agencies, and in drama.
Together with Usmar Ismail, Djajakusuma was one of the founders of the National Film Corporation in 1950. After making his directorial debut with Embun in 1951, Djajakusuma released a further eleven films with the company before leaving it after 1964. Djajakusuma then returned to traditional Indonesian theatre, including wayang. Although he continued to direct movies independently of Perfini, much of his energies were dedicated to the promotional of traditional art forms. After over a decade of poor health and high blood pressure, Djajakusuma died following a stroke.
The dedicated but easily angered Djajakusuma was influenced by Usmar Ismail's realist views, although he focused more on traditional aspects of life. His theatrical performances attempted to modernise traditional forms so that they could be better received in a modern world. He is credited with revitalising the Betawi dance form lenong and received numerous awards for his filmmaking, including two Best Director awards from the Indonesian Film Festival.
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- Aug 1, 1918
- Oct 28, 1987
on July 23, 2013
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