Fátimih Baraghání

Poet, Author

1814 – 1852

65

Who was Fátimih Baraghání?

Táhirih, also called Qurratu l-`Ayn are both titles of Fatimah Baraghani, an influential poet and theologian of the Bábí Faith in Iran. Her life, influence and execution made her a key figure of the religion. The daughter of Mulla Muhammad Salih Baraghani, she was born into one of the most prominent families of her time. Táhirih, led a radical interpretation, that though it split the Babi community, wedded Messianism with Bábism.

As a young girl she was educated privately by her father and showed herself a proficient writer. Whilst in her teens she married the son of her uncle, with whom she had a difficult marriage. In the early 1840s she became familiar with the teachings of Shaykh Ahmad and began a secret correspondence with his successor Sayyid Kazim Rashti. Táhirih travelled to the Shi'i holy city of Karbala to meet Kazim Rashti, but he died a number of days before her arrival. In 1844 aged about 27, she became acquainted with the teachings of the Báb and accepted his religious claims. She soon won renown and infamy for her zealous teachings of his faith and "fearless devotion". Subsequently exiled back to Iran, Táhirih taught her faith at almost every opportunity. The Persian clergy grew resentful of her and endeavoured to have her imprisoned and stopped. She battled with her family throughout her life who wanted her to return to the traditional beliefs of her family.

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Born
1814
Qazvin
Also known as
  • Tahirih
  • Fátimih Baraghání
  • Qurratu'l-`Ayn
Parents
Spouses
Children
Nationality
  • Iran
Profession
Died
Aug 1, 1852
Tehran

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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