Gamal Abdel Nasser

Military Commander

1918 – 1970

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Who was Gamal Abdel Nasser?

Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein was the second President of Egypt, serving from 1956 until his death. He planned the 1952 overthrow of the monarchy, and was deputy prime minister in the new government. In 1953, Nasser introduced far-reaching land reforms. Following a 1954 Muslim Brotherhood-led attempt on his life, he ordered a crackdown on the organization, put President Muhammad Naguib under house arrest, and assumed executive office. A June 1956 public referendum approved both the new constitution and Nasser's nomination for presidency.

Nasser's neutralist policies during the Cold War led to tense relations with Western powers, which withdrew funding for the planned Aswan Dam. Nasser's retaliatory move to nationalize the Suez Canal Company in 1956 was acclaimed within Egypt and the Arab world. Consequently, Britain, France, and Israel occupied the Sinai Peninsula, but withdrew amid international pressure, boosting Nasser's political standing significantly. From then on, Nasser's popularity in the region grew substantially and calls for pan-Arab unity under his leadership increased, culminating with the formation of the United Arab Republic with Syria.

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Born
Jan 15, 1918
Alexandria
Also known as
  • Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • Sunni Islam
Ethnicity
  • Egyptians
Nationality
  • Egypt
Profession
Lived in
  • Alexandria
Died
Sep 28, 1970
Cairo
Resting place
Cairo

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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"Gamal Abdel Nasser." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 7 Dec. 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/gamal_abdel_nasser>.

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