James Ivory

Mathematician, Award Winner

1765 – 1842


Who was James Ivory?

Sir James Ivory was a Scottish mathematician.

Ivory was born in Dundee, son of James Ivory the renowned clock maker, and attended Dundee Grammar School. In 1779 he entered the University of St Andrews, distinguishing himself especially in mathematics. He then studied theology; but, after two sessions at St Andrews and one at Edinburgh University, he abandoned all idea of the church, and in 1786 he became an assistant-teacher of mathematics and natural philosophy in the newly established Dundee Academy. Three years later he became partner in, and manager of, a flax spinning company at Douglastown in Forfarshire, still prosecuting in moments of leisure his favourite studies. He was essentially a self-trained mathematician, and was not only deeply versed in ancient and modern geometry, but also had a full knowledge of the analytical methods and discoveries of the continental mathematicians.

His earliest memoir, dealing with an analytical expression for the rectification of the ellipse, is published in the Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh; and this and his later papers on Cubic Equations and Kepler's Problem evince great facility in the handling of algebraic formulae.


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Feb 17, 1765
Also known as
  • Айвори, Джеймс
  • Scotland
  • High School of Dundee
  • University of St Andrews
Sep 21, 1842

on July 23, 2013