John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk

Noble person

1444 – 1476

43

Who was John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk?

John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk, KG, known as 1st Earl of Surrey between 1451 and 1461, was the only son of John de Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk and Eleanor Bourchier. His maternal grandparents were William Bourchier, Count of Eu and Anne of Gloucester.

In 1451 the earldom of Surrey was revived for him. Mowbray was descended from a sister of the last earl of the previous creation.

In 1461 he succeeded his father as 4th Duke of Norfolk and hereditary Earl Marshal. He continued his father's efforts to possess Caister Castle, finally taking it in September 1469 after a siege. Despite the fact that John Paston, who was in charge of defending Caister, had been in his service for several years, he showed notable ruthlessness, and one Daubenay, a long-standing Paston servant, was killed. Under pressure from the church, Norfolk did at least grant the other defenders a safe conduct. In 1476, within a day of Norfolk's death, the Paston family took Caister back again.

Norfolk was invested as a Knight of the Garter in 1472. He died very suddenly, having apparently been in good health the day before.

He married Elizabeth Talbot, daughter of John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and his second wife Lady Margaret Beauchamp. They had only one child, Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk, and so the 1397 creation of the dukedom became extinct upon his death. Anne, who was only 3 years old when her father died, inherited his extensive lands and wealth.

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Born
Oct 18, 1444
Also known as
  • 1st Earl of Surrey
Spouses
Children
Nationality
  • Kingdom of England
Died
Jan 14, 1476

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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