Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova

Teacher, Deceased Person

1835 – 1916

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Who was Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova?

Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova was the mother of Vladimir Lenin, the Bolshevik revolutionary leader and founder of the Soviet Union.

Ulyanova was one of six children born in Saint Petersburg. Her father was Alexandr Blank, a well-to-do physician. Her mother, Anna Ivanovna Groschopf, was the daughter of a German father, Johann Groschopf, and a Swedish mother, Anna Östedt.

In 1838, Ulyanova's mother died and her father turned to his sister-in-law, Ekaterina von Essen, to help raise the children. Together they bought a country estate near Kazan and moved the family there.

Ulyanova was educated at home, studying German, French and English as well as Russian and Western literature. In 1863, she took an external degree and became an elementary school teacher. However, she would go on to dedicate most of her life to raising her children.

After marrying Ilya Nikolayevich Ulyanov, an upwardly mobile teacher of mathematics and physics, the couple lived in moderate prosperity in Penza. Later, they moved to Nizhny Novgorod and then Simbirsk, where Ulyanov took up a prestigious position as an inspector of primary schools.

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Born
Mar 6, 1835
Saint Petersburg
Also known as
  • Maria Alexandrovna Blank
Parents
Spouses
Children
Ethnicity
  • Russian
Nationality
  • Russian Empire
Profession
Education
  • Moscow State University
Died
Jul 25, 1916
Saint Petersburg

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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