Musician, Deceased Person
1908 – 1991
Who was Orestes López?
Lopez was born in Havana on August 29, 1908. As a pre-teenager he studied piano, cello, violin and the five-key ebony flute. In 1924, at age 16, he played cello with maestro Pedro San Juan's Philharmonic Orchestra. A few years later, he was playing bass for Miguel "El Moro" Vásquez's charanga. In the 1930s he was the musical director of three dance orchestras--López-Barroso, Orestes López and La Unión--before joining Antonio Arcaño y Sus Maravillas in 1937. López, a multi-instrumentalist, composed and orchestrated danzones, most notably Camina Juan Pescao, El Truco de Regatillo, Los Jóvenes De La Defensa and El Moro Eléctrico. For over 20 years he performed for Arcaño y Sus Maravillas on bass, cello and piano. In 1938 he composed and arranged Mambo. It launched a new style of danzón. Subsequently, the syncopated bass in the tune gave rise on the one hand to the dance genre known as mambo created by Pérez Prado, and on the other to the cha-cha-chá created by Enrique Jorrín.
In the late 1930s, the danzón had three movements: the introduction; el paseo; and la comparsa. López's "Danzón de nuevo ritmo" changed the third movement when he substituted a montuno. López's montuno of two to four beats took on a special syncopated character and was given the generic name of mambo.
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