Asa Philip Randolph

Organization founder

1889 – 1979

 Credit ยป
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Who was Asa Philip Randolph?

Asa Philip Randolph was a leader in the African-American civil-rights movement, the American labor movement and socialist political parties.

He organized and led the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, the first predominantly black labor union. In the early civil-rights movement, Randolph led the March on Washington Movement, which convinced President Franklin D. Roosevelt to issue Executive Order 8802 in 1941, banning discrimination in the defense industries during World War II. After the war Randolph pressured President Harry S. Truman to issue Executive Order 9981 in 1948, ending segregation in the armed services.

In 1963, Randolph was the head of the March on Washington, which was organized by Bayard Rustin, at which Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his "I Have A Dream" speech. Randolph inspired the Freedom budget, sometimes called the "Randolph Freedom budget", which aimed to deal with the economic problems facing the black community.

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Born
Apr 15, 1889
Crescent City
Also known as
  • A. Philip Randolph
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Religion
  • Atheism
Ethnicity
  • African American
Nationality
  • United States of America
Profession
Education
  • City College of New York
Lived in
  • Florida
  • Jacksonville
Died
May 16, 1979
New York City

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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