A. P. J. Abdul Kalam biography

A. P. J. Abdul Kalam


1931 –


Who is A. P. J. Abdul Kalam?

Bharat Ratna Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam usually referred to as Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, is an Indian scientist and administrator who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. Kalam was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, studied physics at the St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli, and aerospace engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology, Chennai.

Before his term as President, he worked as an aerospace engineer with Defence Research and Development Organisation and Indian Space Research Organisation. Kalam is popularly known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. He played a pivotal organizational, technical and political role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974. Some scientific experts have however called Kalam a man with no authority over nuclear physics but who just carried on the works of Homi J. Bhabha and Vikram Sarabhai.

Kalam was elected the President of India in 2002, defeating Lakshmi Sahgal and was supported by both the Indian National Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party, the major political parties of India. He is currently a visiting professor at Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad and Indian Institute of Management Indore, honorary fellow of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram, a professor of Aerospace Engineering at Anna University, JSS University and an adjunct/visiting faculty at many other academic and research institutions across India.


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"A. P. J. Abdul Kalam." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 19 Jan. 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/abdul_kalam>.

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Oct 15, 1931
Also known as
  • Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
  • Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
  • Bharat Ratna Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
  • Kalam
  • Abdul Kalam
  • Islam
  • Sunni Islam
  • Tamil
  • India
  • Bachelor of Science, St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirapalli
    ( - 1954)
  • Madras Institute of Technology
    Aerospace Engineering
    (1955 - 1960)
  • King's College London

on July 23, 2013

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