Abraham Lincoln

US President

1809 – 1865

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Who was Abraham Lincoln?

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the United States through its greatest constitutional, military, and moral crisis—the American Civil War—preserving the Union, abolishing slavery, strengthening the national government and modernizing the economy. Reared in a poor family on the western frontier, Lincoln was self-educated, and became a country lawyer, a Whig Party leader, Illinois state legislator during the 1830s, and a one-term member of the United States House of Representatives during the 1840s.

After a series of debates in 1858 that gave national visibility to his opposition to the expansion of slavery, Lincoln lost the Senate race in Illinois to his arch-rival, Stephen A. Douglas. Lincoln, a moderate from a swing state, secured the Republican Party presidential nomination in 1860. With almost no support in the South, Lincoln swept the North and was elected president in 1860. His election was the signal for seven southern slave states to declare their secession from the Union and form the Confederacy. The departure of the Southerners gave Lincoln's party firm control of Congress, but no formula for compromise or reconciliation was found. Lincoln explained in his second inaugural address: "Both parties deprecated war, but one of them would make war rather than let the Nation survive, and the other would accept war rather than let it perish, and the war came."

Famous Quotes:

  • A jury too often has at least one member more ready to hang the panel than to hang the traitor.
  • I believe, if we take habitual drunkards as a class, their heads and their hearts will bear an advantageous comparison with those of any other class.
  • We cannot ask a man what he will do, and if we should, and he should answer us, we should despise him for it. Therefore we must take a man whose opinions are known.
  • The ballot is stronger than the bullet.
  • While the people retain their virtue, and vigilance, no administration, by any extreme of wickedness or folly, can very seriously injure the government, in the short space of four years.
  • Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power.
  • What kills the skunk is the publicity it gives itself.
  • I am not bound to win, but I am bound to be true. I am not bound to succeed but I am bound to live the best life that I have. I must stand with anybody that stands right and part from him when he goes wrong.
  • I do the very best I know howthe very best I can; and I mean to keep doing so until the end. If the end brings me out all right, what is said against me wont amount to anything. If the end brings me out wrong, ten angels swearing I was right would make no difference.
  • Labor is prior to, and independent of, capital. Capital is only the fruit of labor, and could never have existed if labor had not first existed. Labor is the superior of capital, and deserves much the higher consideration.

Citation

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"Abraham Lincoln." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2019. Web. 24 May 2019. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/abraham_lincoln>.


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Born
Feb 12, 1809
Hodgenville
Also known as
  • Honest Abe
  • Abe Lincoln
  • The Buffoon
  • Caesar
  • Father Abraham
  • The Flatboat Man
  • The Grand Wrestler
  • The Great Emancipator
  • The Illinois Baboon
  • The Jester
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Nationality
  • United States of America
Profession
Employment
  • President
    (1861/03/04 - 1865/04/15)
  • President, Federal government of the United States
    (1861/03/04 - 1865/04/15)
Lived in
  • Kentucky
  • Springfield
  • Illinois
Died
Apr 15, 1865
Penn Quarter
Resting place
Oak Ridge Cemetery

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