Surgeon, Deceased Person
1854 – 1946
Who was Adolf Lorenz?
He studied medicine at the University of Vienna and subsequently worked as an assistant to surgeon Eduard Albert in Vienna. In 1901 he was one of the founders of the German Society of Orthopaedic Surgery. He was the father of famed behavioralist Konrad Lorenz.
Adolf Lorenz is remembered for his work with bone deformities. As a young surgeon during the 1880s, he developed a severe allergic skin reaction to carbolic acid, a compound that was used extensively in operating rooms. Although the condition prevented him from performing traditional surgical operations, he continued in the medical profession as a "dry surgeon", treating patients without cutting into skin or tissue. Subsequently, he was given the nickname "The Bloodless Surgeon of Vienna". His techniques became known as bloodless surgery, reflecting his noninvasive techniques.
He was renowned for his treatment of congenital dislocation of the hip in children. His technique involved putting the patient under light anesthesia, placing the child in a plaster spica cast in abduction, then using external rotation as the child matured. Also, he added a specialized walking frame to give the patient a measure of mobility.
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