Al-Biruni biography

Al-Biruni

Mathematician, Astronomer

0973 – 1048

72 Views

Who was Al-Biruni?

Abū al-Rayhān Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Bīrūnī known as Alberonius in Latin and Al-Biruni in English, was a Persian-Khwarezmian Muslim scholar and polymath from the Khwarezm region.

Al-Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed in physics, mathematics, astronomy, and natural sciences, and also distinguished himself as a historian, chronologist and linguist. He was conversant in Khwarezmian, Persian, Arabic, Sanskrit, and also knew Greek, Hebrew and Syriac. He spent a large part of his life in Ghazni in modern-day Afghanistan, capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty which was based in what is now central-eastern Afghanistan. In 1017 he traveled to the Indian subcontinent and became the most important interpreter of Indian science to the Islamic world. He is given the titles the "founder of Indology" and the "first anthropologist". He was an impartial writer on custom and creeds of various nations, and was given the title al-Ustadh for his remarkable description of early 11th-century India. He also made contributions to Earth sciences, and is regarded as the "father of geodesy" for his important contributions to that field, along with his significant contributions to geography.

Citation

Use the citation below to add to a bibliography:

Style:MLAChicagoAPA

"Al-Biruni." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 14 Jun 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/al-biruni>.


We need you!

Help us build the largest biographies collection on the web!

Born
Sep 5, 0973
Khwarezm
Also known as
  • Abū al-Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Bīrūnī
  • Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī
  • Al Bayrooni
  • Al Beruni
  • Alberonius
  • Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Bīrūnī
  • Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Al-Bayrouni
Religion
  • Islam
  • Shia Islam
Ethnicity
  • Tajik people
  • Persian people
  • Iranian peoples
Nationality
  • Iran
Profession
Lived in
  • Khwarezm
Died
Dec 13, 1048
Ghazni

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Discuss this Al-Biruni biography with the community:

0 Comments


    Browse Biographies.net