Alexander Nikuradse

Physicist, Deceased Person

1900 – 1981


Who was Alexander Nikuradse?

Alexander Nikuradse, also known by his pseudonym Al. Sanders, was a Georgian-German physicist, political scientist and leader behind both the Georgian Legion and the "Cossack" Waffen SS units.

Born in Samtredia, Georgia, he was sent by the Georgian government to complete his studies in Berlin. Nikuradse remained in Berlin and became a German citizen after the 1921 Red Army invasion of Georgia. Being in a staunch opposition to the Soviet rule in Georgia, he was actively involved in Georgian émigré activities, and had close Nazi connections. Since their common days as Soviet exiles in Munich in the early 1920s, he had been on friendly terms with Alfred Rosenberg whose views on the Caucasus and Cossacks as Circassians were largely shaped under Nikuradse's influence. He tried to lobby for an independent Georgia, and enlist the German support for anti-Soviet Georgian political emigration. Influenced by Karl Haushofer's theory of "large spaces", he conceived an ambitious project of the German protectorate over the projected Caucasian confederation, including Volga, Ural, Siberian regions, Alaska and the US West in general in which the Georgians were to play the leading role.

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Nov 10, 1900
Also known as
  • Никурадзе, Александр
  • Germany
Jun 13, 1981

on July 23, 2013


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