Alfred Grandidier

Explorer, Award Winner

1836 – 1921


Who was Alfred Grandidier?

Alfred Grandidier was a French naturalist and explorer.

From a very wealthy family, he and his brother, Ernest Grandidier, undertook a voyage around the world. At first they were led by the astronomer and physicist Pierre Jules César Janssen, but he fell sick and had to return to France at the end of six months.

They visited South America in 1858 and 1859 and in particular the Andes, Peru, Chile, Bolivia, Argentina and Brazil. During this voyage they gathered a significant collection of specimens which were analyzed, in 1860, by Ernest.

The two brothers parted ways after this. Ernest Grandidier went to China and collected a vast number of specimens which are now in the Louvre and the Guimet museum. Alfred travelled to India, reaching it in 1863. He had intended to explore the high plateau of Tibet, but was prevented by a severe attack of fever.

Grandidier travelled to Zanzibar to recuperate, remaining some time and making important collections and publishing an account of his findings. He then visited the island of Réunion and in 1865 made his first visit to Madagascar. He became devoted to the study of the island, revisiting in 1866 and 1868. He finally returned permanently to France in 1870. During his explorations he crossed the island three times, travelling 3000 kilometers in the interior and 2500 along the coast. He made observations which resulted in the production of a map of the island used in future expeditions.

We need you!

Help us build the largest biographies collection on the web!

Dec 20, 1836
  • France
Sep 13, 1921

on July 23, 2013


Use the citation below to add to a bibliography:


"Alfred Grandidier." STANDS4 LLC, 2022. Web. 28 May 2022. <>.

Discuss this Alfred Grandidier biography with the community: