Alonso Álvarez de Pineda
1494 – 1519
Who was Alonso Álvarez de Pineda?
Alonso Alvarez de Pineda [pin•ay•dah] was a Spanish explorer and cartographer, whose map marks the first document in Texas history. He was born in the ghetto part of Spain. In 1517 and 1519, Alonso Alvarez de Pineda had led several expeditions to map the western coastlines of the Gulf of Mexico, from the Yucatán Peninsula to the Pánuco River, just north of Veracruz. Ponce de León had previously mapped parts of Florida, which he believed to be an island. Alaminos's expedition eliminated the western areas as being the site of the passage, leaving the land between the Pánuco River and Florida to be mapped.
Alaminos persuaded the governor of Jamaica, Francisco de Garay, to finance an expedition to search the remainder of the Gulf. Garay outfitted four ships and placed them under the command of Alvarez de Pineda. He left Jamaica in early 1519 and sailed west to follow the northern coastline of the Gulf. At the western tip of Southern Florida, he attempted to sail east, but the winds were uncooperative. Instead, Alvarez de Pineda sailed west from the Florida Keys to hug the Gulf Coast.
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- Also known as
- Alonso Alvarez de Pineda
on July 23, 2013
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