André-Jean-François-Marie Brochant de Villiers

Geologist, Deceased Person

1772 – 1840

81

Who was André-Jean-François-Marie Brochant de Villiers?

André-Jean-François-Marie Brochant de Villiers was a French mineralogist and geologist.

He was born at the Château de Villiers, near Mantes-la-Ville. After studying at the École Polytechnique, Paris, he was in 1794 the first pupil admitted to the École des Mines. In 1804 he was appointed professor of geology and mineralogy in the École des Mines, which had been temporarily transferred to Pezay in Savoy, and he returned with the school to Paris in 1815. Later on he became inspector general of mines and a member of the Academy of Sciences.

He investigated the transition strata of the Tarantaise, wrote on the position of the granite rocks of Mont Blanc, and on the lead minerals of Derbyshire and Cumberland. He was charged with overseeing the construction of the geological map of France, undertaken by his pupils Dufrénoy and Elie de Beaumont.

His publications include Traité élémentaire de minéralogie, and Traité abrégé de cristallographie.

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Born
Aug 6, 1772
Also known as
  • Andre-Jean-Francois-Marie Brochant de Villiers
Nationality
  • France
Profession
Died
May 16, 1840
Paris

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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