Ange-Jacques Gabriel

Architect

1698 – 1782

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Who was Ange-Jacques Gabriel?

Ange-Jacques Gabriel was the most prominent French architect of his generation.

Born to a Parisian family of architects and initially trained by the royal architect Robert de Cotte and his father, whom he assisted in the creation of the Place Royale at Bordeaux, the younger Gabriel was made a member of the Académie royale d'architecture in 1728. He was the principal assistant to his father as Premier Architecte at Versailles from 1735 and succeeded him in the position in 1742, essentially making him the premier architect of France, a role he retained for most of the reign of Louis XV.

Gabriel's symmetrical palace-like façades for the hôtels particuliers that enclose the north side of the Place Louis XV, Paris, were begun in 1754 and completed in 1763. That on the right housed the storerooms for the royal furnishings, with luxurious apartments for the intendant; it has housed the naval ministry since the court returned from Versailles in 1789.

Gabriel's sober rationality in planning and detail promoted the transition from Rococo to Neoclassicism. For forty years, Gabriel supplied all designs not only for exterior construction and also for the constant remodeling of interiors at Versailles. His Petit Trianon at Versailles is one of the gems of French Classicism.

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Born
Oct 23, 1698
Paris
Parents
Nationality
  • France
Profession
Lived in
  • Paris
Died
Jan 4, 1782
Paris

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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