Arthur Evans

Archaeologist, Academic

1851 – 1941

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Who was Arthur Evans?

Sir Arthur John Evans FRS was an English archaeologist most famous for unearthing the palace of Knossos on the Greek island of Crete and for developing the concept of Minoan civilization from the structures and artifacts found there and elsewhere throughout the eastern Mediterranean. Evans was the first to define Cretan scripts Linear A and Linear B, as well as an earlier pictographic writing.

Along with Heinrich Schliemann, Evans was a pioneer in the study of Aegean civilization in the Bronze Age. The two men knew of each other. Evans visited Schliemann's sites. Schliemann had planned to excavate at Knossos, but died before fulfilling that dream. Evans bought the site and stepped in to take charge of the project, which was then still in its infancy. He continued Schliemann's concept of Mycenaean civilization but soon found that he needed to distinguish another civilization, the Minoan.

In addition to his archaeological contributions, Evans fulfilled a role in the British Empire for which there is no proper word in formal English.

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Born
Jul 8, 1851
Nash Mills
Also known as
  • Эванс, Артур
Siblings
Nationality
  • United Kingdom
Profession
Education
  • University of Oxford
  • Harrow School
Died
Jul 11, 1941
Boars Hill

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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