Avicenna

Philosopher, Physician

0980 – 1037

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Who was Avicenna?

Pūr Sinɑʼ, commonly known as Ibn Sīnā, or in Arabic writing Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Sīnā or by his Latinized name Avicenna, was a Persian polymath, who wrote almost 450 treatises on a wide range of subjects, of which around 240 have survived. In particular, 150 of his surviving treatises concentrate on philosophy and 40 of them concentrate on medicine.

His most famous works are The Book of Healing, a vast philosophical and scientific encyclopedia, and The Canon of Medicine, which was a standard medical text at many medieval universities. The Canon of Medicine was used as a text-book in the universities of Montpellier and Leuven as late as 1650. Ibn Sīnā's Canon of Medicine provides a complete system of medicine according to the principles of Galen.

His corpus also includes writing on philosophy, astronomy, alchemy, geology, psychology, Islamic theology, logic, mathematics, physics, as well as poetry. He is regarded as the most famous and influential polymath of the Islamic Golden Age.

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Born
Aug 16, 0980
Bukhara
Also known as
  • Ibn Sina
  • Ibn Sīnā
  • Sharaf al-Mulk
  • Sheikh al-Rayees
  • Pur-e Sina
  • Hujjat al-Haq
  • son of Sina
  • Pur Sina
Parents
Religion
  • Islam
  • Shia Islam
Ethnicity
  • Tajik people
  • Persian people
Nationality
  • Iran
Profession
Lived in
  • Ray
Died
Jun 1, 1037
Hamedan

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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