Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein

Military Commander

1887 – 1976

99

Who was Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein?

Field Marshal Sir Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, KG, GCB, DSO, PC, nicknamed "Monty" and the "Spartan General", was a British Army officer. He saw action in the First World War, where he was seriously wounded. During the Second World War he commanded the Eighth Army from August 1942 in the Western Desert until the final Allied victory in Tunisia. This command included the Battle of El Alamein, a turning point in the Western Desert Campaign. He subsequently commanded the Eighth Army in Sicily and Italy.

He was in command of all Allied ground forces during Operation Overlord from the initial landings until after the Battle of Normandy. He then continued in command of the 21st Army Group for the rest of the campaign in North West Europe. As such he was the principal field commander for the failed airborne attempt to bridge the Rhine at Arnhem and the Allied Rhine crossing. On 4 May 1945 he took the German surrender at Lüneburg Heath in northern Germany. After the war he became Commander-in-Chief of the British Army of the Rhine in Germany and then Chief of the Imperial General Staff.

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Born
Nov 17, 1887
Kennington
Also known as
  • The Viscount Montgomery of Alamein
  • Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein
  • Bernard Law Montgomery Montgomery of Alamein
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Nationality
  • United Kingdom
Profession
Education
  • Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
    (1907 - 1908)
  • St Paul's School, London
Died
Mar 24, 1976
Alton

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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