Bohuslav Martinů

Composer

1890 – 1959

2 Views

Who was Bohuslav Martinů?

Bohuslav Martinů was a prolific Czech composer of modern classical music. Martinů wrote 6 symphonies, 15 operas, 14 ballet scores and a large body of orchestral, chamber, vocal and instrumental works. Martinů became a violinist in the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, and taught music in his home town. In 1923 Martinů left Czechoslovakia for Paris, and deliberately withdrew from the Romantic style in which he had been trained. In the 1930s he experimented with expressionism and constructivism, and became an admirer of current European technical developments, exemplified by his orchestral works Half-time and La Bagarre. He also adopted jazz idioms, for instance in his Kuchyňské revue.

In the early 1930s he found his main font for compositional style, the neo-classical as developed by Stravinsky. With this, he expanded to become a prolific composer, composing chamber, orchestral, choral and instrumental works at a fast rate. His use of the piano obbligato became his signature. His Concerto Grosso and the Double Concerto for Two String Orchestras, Piano and Timpani are among his best known works from this period. Among his operas, Julietta and The Greek Passion are considered the finest.

We need you!

Help us build the largest biographies collection on the web!

Born
Dec 8, 1890
Polička
Also known as
  • Bohuslav Martinu
  • Martinů, Bohuslav
Nationality
  • Czech Republic
  • United States of America
Profession
Education
  • Prague Conservatory
    (1906 - )
Lived in
  • Rome
    (1956 - 1959/08/28)
Died
Aug 28, 1959
Liestal

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

Use the citation below to add to a bibliography:

Style:MLAChicagoAPA

"Bohuslav Martinů." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2022. Web. 26 Jan. 2022. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/bohuslav_martinu>.

Discuss this Bohuslav Martinů biography with the community:

0 Comments


    Browse Biographies.net