Carl Linnaeus

Botanist, Academic

1707 – 1778

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Who was Carl Linnaeus?

Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné, was a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, who laid the foundations for the modern biological naming scheme of binomial nomenclature. He is known as the father of modern taxonomy, and is also considered one of the fathers of modern ecology. Many of his writings were in Latin, and his name is rendered in Latin as Carolus Linnæus.

Linnaeus was born in the countryside of Småland, in southern Sweden. He received most of his higher education at Uppsala University, and began giving lectures in botany there in 1730. He lived abroad between 1735 and 1738, where he studied and also published a first edition of his Systema Naturae in the Netherlands. He then returned to Sweden, where he became professor of medicine and botany at Uppsala. In the 1740s, he was sent on several journeys through Sweden to find and classify plants and animals. In the 1750s and '60s, he continued to collect and classify animals, plants, and minerals, and published several volumes. At the time of his death, he was one of the most acclaimed scientists in Europe.

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Born
May 23, 1707
Råshult
Also known as
  • Carl von Linné
  • Carolus Linnaeus
  • Carl Nilsson Linnæus
  • Carolus a Linné
  • Charles Linné
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • Church of Sweden
  • Lutheranism
Nationality
  • Sweden
Profession
Education
  • Uppsala University
    Medicine
    (1728/08 - )
  • Lund University
    Medicine
    (1727 - )
  • Doctor of Medicine, University of Harderwijk
    Medicine
    (1735/04 - 1735)
Lived in
  • Småland
  • Sweden
Died
Jan 10, 1778
Linnaeus Hammarby
Resting place
Uppsala Cathedral

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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