Charles Baudelaire biography

Charles Baudelaire

Poet, Author

1821 – 1867

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Who was Charles Baudelaire?

Charles Pierre Baudelaire was a French poet who also produced notable work as an essayist, art critic, and pioneering translator of Edgar Allan Poe. His most famous work, Les Fleurs du mal, expresses the changing nature of beauty in modern, industrializing Paris during the 19th century. Baudelaire's highly original style of prose-poetry influenced a whole generation of poets including Paul Verlaine, Arthur Rimbaud and Stéphane Mallarmé among many others. He is credited with coining the term "modernity" to designate the fleeting, ephemeral experience of life in an urban metropolis, and the responsibility art has to capture that experience.

Famous Quotes:

  • Everything that is beautiful and noble is the product of reason and calculation.
  • Modernity is the transient, the fleeting, the contingent; it is one half of art, the other being the eternal and the immovable.
  • The being who, for most men, is the source of the most lively, and even, be it said, to the shame of philosophical delights, the most lasting joys; the being towards or for whom all their efforts tend for whom and by whom fortunes are made and lost; for whom, but especially by whom, artists and poets compose their most delicate jewels; from whom flow the most enervating pleasures and the most enriching sufferings -- woman, in a word, is not, for the artist in general... only the female of the human species. She is rather a divinity, a star.
  • As a remedy against all ills; poverty, sickness, and melancholy only one thing is absolutely necessary; a liking for work.
  • To be just, that is to say, to justify its existence, criticism should be partial, passionate and political, that is to say, written from an exclusive point of view, but a point of view that opens up the widest horizons.
  • Evil is done without effort, naturally, it is the working of fate; good is always the product of an art.
  • A sweetheart is a bottle of wine, a wife is a wine bottle.
  • If photography is allowed to stand in for art in some of its functions it will soon supplant or corrupt it completely thanks to the natural support it will find in the stupidity of the multitude. It must return to its real task, which is to be the servant of the sciences and the arts, but the very humble servant, like printing and shorthand which have neither created nor supplanted literature.
  • For the perfect idler, for the passionate observer it becomes an immense source of enjoyment to establish his dwelling in the throng, in the ebb and flow, the bustle, the fleeting and the infinite. To be away from home and yet to feel at home anywhere; to see the world, to be at the very center of the world, and yet to be unseen of the world, such are some of the minor pleasures of those independent, intense and impartial spirits, who do not lend themselves easily to linguistic definitions. The observer is a prince enjoying his incognito wherever he goes.
  • To say the word Romanticism is to say modern art -- that is, intimacy, spirituality, color, aspiration towards the infinite, expressed by every means available to the arts.

Citation

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"Charles Baudelaire." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. Web. 31 Oct. 2020. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/charles_baudelaire>.


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Born
Apr 9, 1821
Paris
Also known as
  • Charles-Pierre Baudelaire
  • Baudelaire
  • Baudelaire, Charles
  • Charles P Baudelaire
Parents
Religion
  • Catholicism
Ethnicity
  • French people
Nationality
  • France
Profession
Education
  • Lycée Louis-le-Grand
    Law
    ( - 1839)
Lived in
  • Lyon
  • Paris
Died
Aug 31, 1867
Paris
Resting place
Montparnasse Cemetery

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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