Eleftherios Venizelos

Politician

1864 – 1936

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Who was Eleftherios Venizelos?

Eleftherios Venizelos was an eminent Greek revolutionary, a prominent and illustrious statesman, and a charismatic leader of the early 20th century. Elected several times as Prime Minister of Greece, serving from 1910 to 1920 and from 1928 to 1932, Venizelos had such profound influence on the internal and external affairs of Greece that he is credited with being "the maker of modern Greece", and is still widely known as the "Ethnarch".

His first entry into the international scene was with his significant role in the autonomy of the Cretan State and later in the union of Crete with Greece. Soon, he was invited to Greece to resolve the political deadlock and became the country's Prime Minister. Not only did he initiate constitutional and economic reforms that set the basis for the modernization of Greek society, but also reorganized both army and navy in preparation of future conflicts. Before the Balkan Wars of 1912–1913, Venizelos' catalytic role helped gain Greece entrance to the Balkan League, an alliance of the Balkan states against Ottoman Turkey. Through his diplomatic acumen, Greece doubled her area and population with the liberation of Macedonia, Epirus, and the rest of the Aegean islands.

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Born
Aug 23, 1864
Mournies
Also known as
  • Elefthérios Kyriákou Venizélos
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • Eastern Orthodox Church
  • Church of Greece
Ethnicity
  • Greeks
Nationality
  • Greece
Profession
Education
  • Law degree, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
    (1881 - 1886)
Lived in
  • Crete
Died
Mar 18, 1936
Paris

Submitted
on July 23, 2013