Gary Gygax

Game designer

1938 – 2008

128

Who was Gary Gygax?

Ernest Gary Gygax was an American writer and game designer best known for co-creating the pioneering role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons with Dave Arneson. Gygax has been described as the father of D&D.

In the 1960s, Gygax created an organization of wargaming clubs and founded the Gen Con gaming convention. In 1971, he helped develop Chainmail, a miniatures wargame based on medieval warfare. He co-founded the company Tactical Studies Rules with childhood friend Don Kaye in 1973. The following year, he and Dave Arneson created D&D, which expanded on Gygax's Chainmail and included elements of the fantasy stories he loved as a child. In the same year, he founded The Dragon, a magazine based around the new game. In 1977, Gygax began work on a more comprehensive version of the game, called Advanced Dungeons & Dragons. Gygax designed numerous manuals for the game system, as well as several pre-packaged adventures called "modules" that gave a person running a D&D game a rough script and ideas on how to run a particular gaming scenario. In 1983, he worked to license the D&D product line into the successful D&D cartoon series.

Famous Quotes:

  • I would like the world to remember me as the guy who really enjoyed playing games and sharing his knowledge and his fun pastimes with everybody else.

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Born
Jul 27, 1938
Chicago
Also known as
  • Ernest Gary Gygax
  • Gygax, Gary
  • E. Gary Gygax
  • Garrison Ernst
  • EGG
Parents
Spouses
Children
Ethnicity
  • Swiss American
Nationality
  • United States of America
Profession
Education
  • University of Chicago
Employment
  • Editor in Chief, Guidon Games
    (1970 - 1973)
  • Insurance Underwriter, Fireman's Fund Insurance Company
    ( - 1969)
  • TSR
Lived in
  • Lake Geneva
    (1946 - 2008)
  • Chicago
    (1938 - 1946)
Died
Mar 4, 2008
Lake Geneva

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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"Gary Gygax." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2022. Web. 30 Jun 2022. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/gary_gygax>.

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