Giovanni Battista Sammartini biography

Giovanni Battista Sammartini

Composer

1700 – 1775

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Who was Giovanni Battista Sammartini?

Giovanni Battista Sammartini was an Italian composer, oboist, organist, choirmaster and teacher. He counted Gluck among his students, and was highly regarded by younger composers including Johann Christian Bach. It has also been noted that many stylizations in Joseph Haydn's compositions are similar to those of Sammartini, although Haydn denied any such influence. Sammartini is especially associated with the formation of the concert symphony through both the shift from a brief opera-overture style and the introduction of a new seriousness and use of thematic development that prefigure Haydn and Mozart. Some of his works are described as galant, a style associated with Enlightenment ideals, while "the prevailing impression left by Sammartini's work... [is that] he contributed greatly to the development of a Classical style that achieved its moment of greatest clarity precisely when his long, active life was approaching its end".

He is often confused with his brother, Giuseppe, a composer with a similarly prolific output.

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Born
1700
Milan
Also known as
  • Sammartini, Giovanni Battista
Siblings
Nationality
  • Italy
Profession
Lived in
  • Milan
Died
Jan 15, 1775
Milan

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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