Guillaume Apollinaire

Playwright, Author

1880 – 1918

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Who was Guillaume Apollinaire?

Guillaume Apollinaire was an Italian-born French poet, playwright, short story writer, novelist, and art critic born in Rome, in Italy, to a Polish mother.

Among the foremost poets of the early 20th century, he is credited with coining the word Surrealism and writing one of the earliest works described as surrealist, the play The Breasts of Tiresias. Two years after being wounded in World War I, he died in the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918 at age 38.

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Born
Aug 25, 1880
Rome
Also known as
  • Wilhelm Albert Włodzimierz Apolinary Kostrowicki
  • Guillelmus Apollinaris De Kostrowitzki
  • Wilhelm Albert Włodzimierz Apollinaris de Wąż-Kostrowicky
  • Wilhelm Albert Vladimir Apollonaris de Kostrowicki
Parents
Spouses
Nationality
  • France
  • Russian Empire
Profession
Lived in
  • Rome
Died
Nov 9, 1918
Paris
Resting place
Père Lachaise Cemetery

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