Heinrich Blücher

Philosopher, Author

1899 – 1970


Who was Heinrich Blücher?

Heinrich Blücher was a German poet and philosopher. He was the second husband of Hannah Arendt.

Blücher was born in Berlin. He was a member of the Communist Party of Germany until 1928, but soon rejected Stalinism and left the party in protest of its Stalinist policies. He then became a member of a small anti-Stalinist group called the Communist Party Opposition.

As a Communist, Blücher, then a university lecturer, had to flee Germany following the rise of National Socialism. He married Hannah Arendt in France, and they emigrated to New York City in 1941.

Heinrich Blücher began teaching philosophy at Bard College in 1952, continuing for seventeen years, as well as at the New School for Social Research. Blücher died in New York.

Blücher encouraged his wife to become involved with Marxism and political theory, though ultimately her use of Karl Marx was in no way orthodox, as shown in such works as The Origins of Totalitarianism and The Human Condition. Blücher also coined the term "the anti-political principle" to describe totalitarianism's destruction of a space of resistance — a term taken up both by Arendt and Karl Jaspers.

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Jan 29, 1899
Also known as
  • Heinrich Blucher
  • Germany
Lived in
  • Berlin
Oct 30, 1970
New York City

on July 23, 2013


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