Henry Cavendish

Physicist, Academic

1731 – 1810

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Who was Henry Cavendish?

Henry Cavendish FRS was a British natural philosopher, scientist, and an important experimental and theoretical chemist and physicist. Cavendish is noted for his discovery of hydrogen or what he called "inflammable air". He described the density of inflammable air, which formed water on combustion, in a 1766 paper "On Factitious Airs". Antoine Lavoisier later reproduced Cavendish's experiment and gave the element its name.

A notoriously shy man, Cavendish was nonetheless distinguished for great accuracy and precision in his researches into the composition of atmospheric air, the properties of different gases, the synthesis of water, the law governing electrical attraction and repulsion, a mechanical theory of heat, and calculations of the density of the Earth. His experiment to weigh the Earth has come to be known as the Cavendish experiment.

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Born
Oct 10, 1731
Nice
Also known as
  • Кавендиш, Генри
Parents
Nationality
  • United Kingdom
Profession
Education
  • Peterhouse, Cambridge
  • University of Cambridge
Died
Feb 24, 1810
London
Resting place
Derby Cathedral

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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"Henry Cavendish." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2022. Web. 8 Dec. 2022. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/henry_cavendish>.

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