Henry Yorke Lyell Brown

Geologist, Author

1843 – 1928

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Who was Henry Yorke Lyell Brown?

Henry Yorke Lyell Brown was an Australian geologist.

Brown was born at Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia, Canada, the son of Richard Brown, also a geologist, and his wife Sibella, née Barrington. He was educated at King's College, Windsor, Nova Scotia, and matriculated in 1862. He then studied under T. H. Huxley and John Tyndall at the Royal School of Mines, London, in 1863-64. He came to Australia in 1865 and worked on the Geological Survey of Victoria under Alfred Selwyn until 1869.

Brown was government geologist in Western Australia in 1870-72. He discovered the Weld Range, drilled the first artesian bore near Perth, and forecast accurately that the colony's mineral resources would eventually become a main source of its advance. In 1872 he worked in private mining in Victoria and New Zealand and two years later rejoined Selwyn in Canada. Finding the climate too severe, he returned to Australia to work for the New South Wales government in 1881-82.

In December 1882 Brown became, at twice his previous salary, government geologist of South Australia.

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Aug 23, 1843
Sydney Mines
Also known as
  • H. Y. L. Brown
Jan 22, 1928

on July 23, 2013


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