1859 – 1935
Who was Hugo Junkers?
Hugo Junkers was a German engineer and aircraft designer. As such he is generally credited with pioneering the design of all-metal airplanes and flying wings. As founder of the Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke AG he was one of the mainstays of the German aircraft industry in the years between World War I and World War II. In particular his multi-engined all-metal passenger- and freightplanes helped establish airlines in Germany as well as all over the world. Although his name is also linked to some of the most fearsome German warplanes of the second world war, Hugo Junkers himself had nothing to do with their development. He was forced out of his own company by the Nazi government in 1934 and died in 1935.
Next to aircraft, Junkers also built both Diesel and petrol engines and held various patents on thermodynamic and metallurgic subjects. He was also one of the main sponsors of the Bauhaus movement and facilitated the move of the Bauhaus from Weimar to Dessau in 1925.
Amongst the highlight of his career were the Junkers J 1 of 1915, The Junkers F 13 of 1919, the Junkers W 33 The Junkers G 38 'flying wing' and the Junkers Ju 52, affectionately nicknamed 'Tante Ju', one of the most famous airliners of the 1930s.
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