Jean Alexander Heinrich Clapier de Colongue

Engineer, Deceased Person

1839 – 1901

74 Views

Who was Jean Alexander Heinrich Clapier de Colongue?

Jean Alexander Heinrich Clapier de Colongue was a Baltic German marine engineer and founder of a theory of magnetic deviation for magnetic compasses, living and working in Imperial Russia.

Ivan Petrovich de Collong was born in 1839 in D√ľnaburg into a Baltic German noble family originally of Franco-Portuguese origin. He studied at the Naval Academy in Saint Petersburg and from 1870 he worked there as a lecturer. Starting in 1878 he was head of the Navy's Main Hydrographical Administration. In 1875 he constructed deflector and later improved upon its design.

De Collong was a Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and a Major-General of the Imperial Russian Navy. He was awarded the Lomonosov Prize of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

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Born
1839
Vitebsk Governorate
Nationality
  • Russia
Profession
Lived in
  • Livonia
Died
1901
Saint Petersburg

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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