Jawaharlal Nehru

Politician

1889 – 1964

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Who was Jawaharlal Nehru?

Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics for much of the 20th century. He emerged as the paramount leader of the Indian Independence Movement under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi and ruled India from its establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in office in 1964. Nehru is considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state; a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic. He was the father of Indira Gandhi and the maternal grandfather of Rajiv Gandhi, who were to later serve as the third and sixth Prime Ministers of India, respectively.

The son of a prominent lawyer and nationalist statesman, Nehru was a graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge and the Inner Temple, where he trained to be a barrister. Upon his return to India, he enrolled at the Allahabad High Court while taking an interest in national politics. Nehru's involvement in politics would gradually replace his legal practice. A committed nationalist since his teenage years, Nehru became a rising figure in Indian politics during the upheavals of the 1910s. He became the prominent leader of the left-wing factions of the Indian National Congress during the 1920s, and eventually of the entire Congress, with the tacit approval of his mentor, Gandhi. As Congress President, Nehru called for complete independence from Britain, and initiated a decisive shift towards the left in Indian politics. He was the principal author of the Indian Declaration of Independence.

Famous Quotes:

  • Great causes and little men go ill together.
  • It is only too easy to make suggestions and later try to escape the consequences of what we say.
  • There is perhaps nothing so bad and so dangerous in life as fear.
  • Culture is the widening of the mind and of the spirit.
  • Action itself, so long as I am convinced that it is right action, gives me satisfaction.
  • We live in a wonderful world that is full of beauty, charm and adventure. There is no end to the adventures that we can have if only we seek them with our eyes open.
  • Facts are facts and will not disappear on account of your likes.
  • The purely agitation attitude is not good enough for a detailed consideration of a subject.
  • A theory must be tempered with reality.
  • The person who talks most of his own virtue is often the least virtuous.

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Born
Nov 14, 1889
Allahabad
Also known as
  • Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Pandit Nehru
  • Nehru
  • Chacha Nehru
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • Atheism
  • Agnosticism
  • Hinduism
  • Agnostic atheism
Ethnicity
  • Kashmiri Pandit
Nationality
  • India
Profession
Education
  • Bachelor of Laws, City Law School
    Law
  • Bachelor of Arts, Trinity College, Cambridge
    Natural science
    (1907/10 - 1910)
  • Harrow School
    (1905 - )
Lived in
  • Allahabad
  • New Delhi
Died
May 27, 1964
New Delhi

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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