1798 – 1854
Who was Jérôme-Adolphe Blanqui?
Jérôme-Adolphe Blanqui was a French economist. His most important contributions were made in labour economics, economic history and especially the history of economic thought, in which field his 1837 treatise has been the first major work. He was the son of French Girondin politician Jean Dominique Blanqui and the elder brother of the revolutionary, Louis Auguste Blanqui.
He was born at Nice in November, 1798. He began his career as an instructor, giving his time to chemistry and other sciences allied to medicine, acting as assistant professor of the humanities in a famous school, L'Institution Massin. This brought him into connection with Say, who procured for young Blanqui the chair of History and Industrial Economy at the School of Commerce in Paris. In 1830, he rose to the position of director of this important school, and in 1833, he succeeded Say in the professor's chair in the Conservatory of Arts and Trades. Blanqui stood in the foremost rank among the economists of his day. He advocated principles of commercial freedom but also showed sympathy for the working class. As a writer, he was noted for research, lucidity, occasional sallies of wit, frequent passages of great brilliancy, and at times a sustained eloquence of diction.
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