Johann Ernst Glück

Theologian, Author

1652 – 1705

41

Who was Johann Ernst Glück?

Johann Ernst Glück was a German translator and Lutheran theologian active in Livonia, which is now in Latvia.

Glück was born in Wettin as the son of a pastor. After attending the Latin school of Altenburg, he studied theology, rhetoric, philosophy, geometry, history, geography, and Latin at Wittenberg and Jena.

Glück is known for translating the Bible into Latvian, which he carried out in its entirety in Marienburg in Livonia, in the building now the Alūksne Museum, established to honour his work. He also founded the first Latvian language schools in Livonia in 1683. He died in Moscow.

He had four daughters, a son, and a foster-daughter Marta Skowrońska who married Peter I and is mainly known as Catherine I. From 1725 until 1727 she was empress of Russian Empire.

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Born
Nov 10, 1652
Wettin
Also known as
  • Johann Ernst Gluck
Parents
Spouses
Children
Nationality
  • Germany
Profession
Education
  • University of Leipzig
Lived in
  • Saxony-Anhalt
Died
May 5, 1705
Moscow

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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