John Bardeen biography

John Bardeen

Physicist, Academic

1908 – 1991

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Who was John Bardeen?

John Bardeen was an American physicist and electrical engineer, the only person to have won the Nobel Prize in Physics twice: first in 1956 with William Shockley and Walter Brattain for the invention of the transistor; and again in 1972 with Leon N Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer for a fundamental theory of conventional superconductivity known as the BCS theory.

The transistor revolutionized the electronics industry, allowing the Information Age to occur, and made possible the development of almost every modern electronic device, from telephones to computers to missiles. Bardeen's developments in superconductivity, which won him his second Nobel, are used in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy or its medical sub-tool magnetic resonance imaging.

In 1990, John Bardeen appeared on LIFE Magazine's list of "100 Most Influential Americans of the Century."

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Born
May 23, 1908
Madison
Parents
Children
Nationality
  • United States of America
Profession
Education
  • Princeton University
  • University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • Bachelor of Science
Employment
  • University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • University of Minnesota
Lived in
  • Madison
  • United States of America
Died
Jan 30, 1991
Boston

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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