Karl Landsteiner

Physicist, Academic

1868 – 1943

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Who was Karl Landsteiner?

Karl Landsteiner, ForMemRS, was an Austrian biologist and physician. He is noted for having first distinguished the main blood groups in 1900, having developed the modern system of classification of blood groups from his identification of the presence of agglutinins in the blood, and having identified, with Alexander S. Wiener, the Rhesus factor, in 1937, thus enabling physicians to transfuse blood without endangering the patient′s life. With Constantin Levaditi and Erwin Popper, he discovered the polio virus, in 1909. In 1930 he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He was awarded a Lasker Award in 1946 posthumously and is recognised as the father of transfusion medicine.

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Born
Jun 14, 1868
Vienna
Religion
  • Judaism
Nationality
  • United States of America
  • Austria
Profession
Education
  • University of Vienna
Lived in
  • Lower Austria
Died
Jun 26, 1943
New York City

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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"Karl Landsteiner." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 8 Dec. 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/karl_landsteiner>.

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