Karl Schwarzschild

Physicist, Astronomer

1873 – 1916

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Who was Karl Schwarzschild?

Karl Schwarzschild was a German physicist and astronomer. He is also the father of astrophysicist Martin Schwarzschild.

He provided the first exact solution to the Einstein field equations of general relativity, for the limited case of a single spherical non-rotating mass, which he accomplished in 1915, the same year that Einstein first introduced general relativity. The Schwarzschild solution, which makes use of Schwarzschild coordinates and the Schwarzschild metric, leads to a derivation of the Schwarzschild radius, which is the size of the event horizon of a non-rotating black hole.

Schwarzschild accomplished this triumph while serving in the German army during World War I. He died the following year from the autoimmune disease pemphigus, which he developed while at the Russian front.

Asteroid 837 Schwarzschilda is named in his honor.

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Born
Oct 9, 1873
Frankfurt
Also known as
  • K. Schwarzschild
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • Judaism
Ethnicity
  • Jewish people
  • Germans
Nationality
  • Germany
Profession
Education
  • Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
Died
May 11, 1916
Potsdam

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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