Lester B. Pearson

Politician

1897 – 1972

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Who was Lester B. Pearson?

Lester Bowles "Mike" Pearson, PC, OM, CC, OBE was a Canadian professor, historian, civil servant, statesman, diplomat, soldier, and politician, who won the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1957 for organizing the United Nations Emergency Force to resolve the Suez Canal Crisis. He was the 14th Prime Minister of Canada from 22 April 1963 to 20 April 1968, as the head of two back-to-back Liberal minority governments following elections in 1963 and 1965.

During Pearson's time as Prime Minister, his Liberal minority governments introduced universal health care, student loans, the Canada Pension Plan, the Order of Canada, and the new Flag of Canada. Pearson also convened the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism, and he struggled to keep Canada out of the Vietnam War. In 1967, his government passed Bill C-168, which abolished capital punishment in Canada de facto - by restricting it to a few capital offenses for which it was never used, and which themselves were abolished in 1976.

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Born
Apr 23, 1897
York
Also known as
  • Lester Pearson
  • Lester Bowles Pearson
  • Dr. Lester B. Pearson
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • United Church of Canada
Nationality
  • Canada
Profession
Education
  • University of Toronto
  • Columbia University
  • Harvard University
  • McGill University
  • Princeton University
  • St John's College, Oxford
  • University of Oxford
  • Victoria University in the University of Toronto
Employment
  • Carleton University
  • University of Toronto
Lived in
  • Toronto
Died
Dec 27, 1972
Ottawa
Resting place
Maclaren Cemetery

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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"Lester B. Pearson." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2022. Web. 20 Jan. 2022. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/lester_b_pearson>.

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