Maimonides

Rabbi, Physician

1135 – 1204

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Who was Maimonides?

Mosheh ben Maimon, called Moses Maimonides and also known as Mūsā ibn Maymūn, or RaMBaM, was a preeminent medieval Spanish, Sephardic Jewish philosopher, astronomer and one of the most prolific and influential Torah scholars and physicians of the Middle Ages. He was born in Córdoba, Almoravid Empire on Passover Eve, 1135, and died in Egypt on December 12, 1204. He was a rabbi, physician, and philosopher in Morocco and Egypt.

Although his writings on Jewish law and ethics were met with acclaim and gratitude from most Jews, even as far off as Iraq and Yemen, and he rose to be the revered head of the Jewish community in Egypt, there were also vociferous critics of some of his writings, particularly in Spain. Nevertheless, he was posthumously acknowledged to be one of the foremost rabbinical arbiters and philosophers in Jewish history, his copious work comprising a cornerstone of Jewish scholarship. His fourteen-volume Mishneh Torah still carries significant canonical authority as a codification of Talmudic law. In the Yeshiva world he is known as "haNesher haGadol" in recognition of his outstanding status as a bona fide exponent of the Oral Torah.

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Born
Mar 30, 1135
Córdoba
Also known as
  • Rambam
  • Moses Maimonides
  • Moses ben Maimon
  • Mosheh ben Maimon
  • Maimon
  • Rabbi Moshe
Parents
Siblings
Children
Religion
  • Judaism
Ethnicity
  • Sephardi Jews
  • Jewish people
Profession
Education
  • University of Al Karaouine
Died
Dec 12, 1204
Fustat

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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