Nicolae Bretan

Composer

1887 – 1968

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Who was Nicolae Bretan?

Nicolae Bretan was a Romanian opera composer, baritone, conductor, and music critic.

Bretan was born in Năsăud. He studied in Cluj, Vienna and Budapest before becoming one of the pioneers of Romanian opera - his opera Luceafărul is cited as the first opera in Romanian. Bretan also composed many lieder.

In 1944, Bretan wife's family, who were Jewish, were transported to the Nazi extermination camp at Auschwitz and murdered.

Refusing to become a member of the Romanian Communist Party in 1948, he was not favoured by the Romanian communist regime, who treated the composer as a "non person". He died in Cluj, aged 81.

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Born
Mar 25, 1887
Romania
Died
Dec 1, 1968

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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