Nicolas Maurice Arthus

Physiologist, Award Winner

1862 – 1945

64

Who was Nicolas Maurice Arthus?

Nicolas Maurice Arthus was a French immunologist and physiologist. The Arthus reaction, a localized inflammatory response, is named after him.

Arthus was born January 9, 1862 in Angers, France. He studied medicine in Paris and received his doctorate in 1886. In 1896 he became Professor of Physiology at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland. He returned to France to work at the Pasteur Institute in 1900, and later taught at the Ecole de M├ędecine de Marseilles. In 1907, he was appointed to the Chair of Physiology at the University of Lausanne in Switzerland, where he remained for twenty-five years. He died in Fribourg on February 24, 1945.

Apart from the reaction named after him, Arthus is best known for his work on anaphylaxis. He also studied snake venom and the role of calcium in the coagulation of blood.

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Born
Jan 9, 1862
Angers
Nationality
  • France
Profession
Died
Feb 24, 1945
Fribourg

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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