Nikolai Arkharov

Military Person

1740 – 1814


Who was Nikolai Arkharov?

Nikolai Petrovich Arkharov was a Russian police chief best known for having given his name to the Russian term "arkharovtsy", an ironic appellation of policemen.

Nikolai Arkharov came from a noble family. In 1754 he was enrolled at the Guards, in 1756 started the service as soldier of the Preobrazhensky regiment and in 1761 was promoted to officer.

His rising began after the mission of 1771 into Moscow, envelopped by the disastrous epidemic of plague and mutiny, under the direction of Count Grigori Orlov. Count Orlov arrived to Moscow on 26 September 1771 with numerous doctors and four Guards regiments. Arkharov proved himself as energetic and executive officer. Apparently, with the aid of Orlov, with whom he was familiar earlier, Arkharov was familiar earlier he was transferred into the police with the rank of colonel.

After the successfully conducted inquest of the case of Yemelyan Pugachev Arkharov was appointed in 1775 the Chief of police in Moscow. Here he distinguished himself as one of the best detective of that time. His subordinates were called by people "arkharovtsy" - this word in the course of time became nominal. Catherine II sometimes invited Arkharov into Petersburg for the investigation of serious thefts.

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May 7, 1740
Jan 1, 1814

on July 23, 2013


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