Nikolai Kudryavtsev

Geologist, Deceased Person

1893 – 1971


Who was Nikolai Kudryavtsev?

Nikolai Alexandrovich Kudryavtsev Russian: Николай Александрович Кудрявцев was a Soviet Russian petroleum geologist. He is the founding father of modern abiogenic theory for origin of petroleum, which states that petroleum is formed from non-biological sources of hydrocarbons located deep in the Earth's crust and mantle.

He graduated from Leningrad Mining Institute in 1922, obtained a Dr.Sc. in Geology and Mineralogy in 1936, and become professor in 1941. Kudryavtsev started his geological career in 1920 at the USSR Geological Committee. In 1929-1971 he worked for All-Union Geological Research Institute. He suffered from political repressions during Joseph Stalin's regime for his unorthodox thinking, spending several years in Gulag camps in the Transpolar European Russia as an "enemy of the people". After that, he was prohibited from living or staying in central cities of USSR. His only son died defending the Brest Fortress in the beginning of Nazi aggression against USSR.

Kudryavtsev conducted regional geological studies that resulted in discoveries of commercial oil and gas in the Grozny district, Central Asia, Timan-Pechora, and other regions of the Soviet Union.

We need you!

Help us build the largest biographies collection on the web!

Oct 21, 1893
Also known as
  • Кудрявцев, Николай Александрович
Dec 12, 1971

on July 23, 2013


Use the citation below to add to a bibliography:


"Nikolai Kudryavtsev." STANDS4 LLC, 2022. Web. 7 Aug. 2022. <>.

Discuss this Nikolai Kudryavtsev biography with the community: