Osama bin Laden

Arabic Language, Organization leader

1957 – 2011

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Who was Osama bin Laden?

Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden was the founder of al-Qaeda, the Sunni militant Islamist organization that claimed responsibility for the September 11 attacks on the United States, along with numerous other mass-casualty attacks against civilian and military targets. He was a Saudi Arabian, a member of the wealthy bin Laden family, and an ethnic Yemeni Kindite.

He was born in the bin Laden family to billionaire Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden in Saudi Arabia. He studied there in college until 1979, when he joined the mujahideen forces in Pakistan against the Soviets in Afghanistan. He helped to fund the mujahideen by funneling arms, money and fighters from the Arab world into Afghanistan, also gaining popularity from many Arabs. In 1988, he formed al-Qaeda. He was banished from Saudi Arabia in 1992, and shifted his base to Sudan, until US pressure forced him to leave Sudan in 1996. After establishing a new base in Afghanistan, he declared a war against the United States, initiating a series of bombings and related attacks. Bin Laden was on the American Federal Bureau of Investigation's lists of Ten Most Wanted Fugitives and Most Wanted Terrorists for his involvement in the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings.

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Born
Mar 10, 1957
Jeddah
Also known as
  • Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden
  • The Emir
  • Usama Bin Laden
  • Usama bin Ladin
  • Ussamah bin Ladin
  • The Sheik
  • The Jihadist Sheik
  • Sheik al-Mujahid
  • Hajj
  • The Director
Parents
Siblings
Spouses
Children
Religion
  • Sunni Islam
Nationality
  • Saudi Arabia
Profession
Education
  • King Abdulaziz University
    Economics
    ( - 1979)
  • Al-Thager Model School
    (1968 - 1976)
  • Brummana High School
  • King Abdulaziz University
    Public administration
    ( - 1981)
Lived in
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Afghanistan
  • Pakistan
  • Sudan
Died
May 2, 2011
Abbottabad

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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