Pancho Villa

Military Commander

1878 – 1923

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Who was Pancho Villa?

José Doroteo Arango Arámbula – better known by his pseudonym Francisco Villa or his nickname Pancho Villa – was one of the most prominent Mexican Revolutionary generals.

As commander of the División del Norte, he was the veritable caudillo of the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua, which, given its size, mineral wealth, and proximity to the United States of America, provided him with extensive resources. Villa was also provisional Governor of Chihuahua in 1913 and 1914. Although he was prevented from being accepted into the "panteón" of national heroes until some 20 years after his death, today his memory is honored by Mexicans. In addition, numerous streets and neighborhoods in Mexico are named in his honor.

Villa and his supporters seized hacienda land for distribution to peasants and soldiers. He robbed and commandeered trains and, like the other revolutionary generals, printed fiat money to pay for his cause. Villa's men and supporters became known as Villistas during the revolution from 1910 to roughly 1920.

Villa's dominance in northern Mexico was broken in 1915 through a series of defeats he suffered at Celaya and Agua Prieta at the hands of Álvaro Obregón and Plutarco Elías Calles. After Villa's famous raid on Columbus, New Mexico, in 1916, U.S. Army General John J. Pershing tried unsuccessfully to capture Villa in a nine-month pursuit that ended when the United States entered into World War I and Pershing was called back. Villa retired in 1920 and was given a large estate, which he turned into a "military colony" for his former soldiers. In 1923, he decided to reinvolve himself in Mexican politics and as a result was assassinated, most likely on the orders of Obregón.

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Born
Jun 5, 1878
San Juan del Río, Durango
Also known as
  • Doroteo Arango Arámbula
  • Francisco Villa
  • Doroteo Arango
  • José Doroteo Arango Arámbula
  • El Centauro del Norte
  • La Cucaracha
Parents
Spouses
Children
Ethnicity
  • Mexicans
Nationality
  • Mexico
Profession
Lived in
  • Durango
Died
Jul 20, 1923
Parral

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

Citation

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"Pancho Villa." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 1 Dec. 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/pancho_villa>.

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