Pat Sullivan

Animator, TV Program Creator

1887 – 1933

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Who was Pat Sullivan?

Patrick "Pat" Peter Sullivan was an Australian cartoonist, pioneer animator and film producer, best known for producing the first Felix the Cat silent cartoons.

Sullivan was born in Paddington, Sydney, New South Wales, the second son of Patrick Sullivan originally from Ireland, and his Sydney-born wife Margaret, née Hayes. Sullivan arrived in the United States around 1910, after spending several months in London. He worked as assistant to newspaper cartoonist William Marriner, and drew four strips of his own. When Marriner died in 1914 Sullivan joined the new animated cartoon studio set up by Raoul Barre. In 1916 William Randolph Hearst, the newspaper magnate, set up a studio to produce animated cartoons based on his paper's strips and hired Barre's best animators. Sullivan decided to start his own studio and made a series called ‘Sammy Johnsin’, based on a Marriner strip on which he had worked.

It is a matter of some dispute whether Felix was created by Sullivan or his top animator Otto Messmer. American animation historians have accepted Messmer's claim without question, as he was the principal animator on the Felix series.

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Born
Feb 2, 1887
Paddington
Also known as
  • Patrick O'Sullivan
  • Patrick Peter Sullivan
Parents
Spouses
Nationality
  • Australia
Profession
Died
Feb 15, 1933
New York City

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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