P. W. Botha biography

P. W. Botha

Politician

1916 – 2006

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Who was P. W. Botha?

Pieter Willem Botha, DMS, commonly known as "P. W." and Die Groot Krokodil, was the prime minister of South Africa from 1978 to 1984 and the first executive state president from 1984 to 1989.

First elected to Parliament in 1948, Botha was for eleven years head of the Afrikaner National Party and the South African government. Although an outspoken opponent of black majority rule and international communism, his administration did make concessions towards political reform, whereas internal unrest saw widespread human rights abuses at the hands of the government. Botha resigned the party leadership in February 1989 after suffering a stroke and six months later was coerced to leave the presidency as well.

In F. W. de Klerk's 1992 referendum Botha campaigned for a No vote and denounced De Klerk's administration as irresponsible. In early 1998, when Botha refused to testify at the Mandela government's Truth and Reconciliation Commission, he was supported by the right-wing Conservative Party, which had earlier contested his rule, in his refusal and was fined and given a suspended jail sentence later that year. Shortly before his death in late 2006, he renewed his opposition towards egalitarian democracy in favour of a confederate system based upon the principles of apartheid.

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"P. W. Botha." Biographies.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Web. 19 Jan. 2021. <https://www.biographies.net/people/en/pieter_willem_botha>.


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Born
Jan 12, 1916
Paul Roux, Free State
Also known as
  • Pieter Willem Botha
  • P.W.
  • Pieter William Botha
  • Die Groot Krokodil
Parents
Spouses
Religion
  • Dutch Reformed Church
Nationality
  • South Africa
Profession
Education
  • University of the Free State
Lived in
  • Wilderness
Died
Oct 31, 2006
Wilderness

Submitted
on July 23, 2013

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